There are many aspects of behaviours of concern and for this reason, the framework that we adopt is a combination of Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) and Individualised Positive Behaviour Support (I-PBS, including the Pyramid Model).
ABA is the method of systematically applying the principles of behavioural conditioning to understand and change specific behaviours. At its core, ABA uses the method of a “functional behavioural assessment” to determine the purpose of the behaviour or its function, which then enables interventions to be designed to assist the student to fulfil that function in a more socially appropriate way, through elimination of the triggers that elicit that behaviour, and providing consequences that reinforce positive replacement behaviours and extinguish the behaviour of concern.
I-PBS is an evidence based model for understanding and changing a student’s behaviour of concern. It employs a holistic approach considering the impact of the student’s environment (e.g. school, family) and own make-up (e.g. temperament, learning needs). Strategies for improvement are based on teaching the student appropriate skills and making changes within the student’s environment and social systems. The I-PBS approach also emphasises the value of involving of relevant stakeholders, respect for the student, inclusion and preservation of dignity of all.
Our conceptual and working framework is also multi-tiered in seeking to provide intensive, individualized interventions; developing social-emotional teaching strategies; enhancing supportive environments and resting on a solid foundation of strength, including building positive relationships with students, families and colleagues.